You may hear the word “conditional approval” early in the loan application process and question its meaning. What does it mean to have your mortgage application conditionally accepted?
In addition, if you want to avoid the loan declined after the conditional approval situation, we’re here to help you.
What Is Conditional Loan Approval?
Conditional loan approval is a status given to applicants that require additional information or clarification. It’s not an approval nor a denial, and it doesn’t say whether or not you’ll get final permission.
You’ll go through a procedure known as underwriting once you apply for a mortgage. First, underwriters will examine your whole mortgage application, including your paperwork, credit history, and income papers. After that, the underwriter decides whether or not the loan can be approved.
Alternatively, it means that the lender is willing to offer you a particular amount of money if you meet specific requirements. Because the federal government backs FHA conditional approval, it may demand additional documents.
The application and approval procedure for a house loan involves several steps:
- The mortgage application procedure is the same whether the borrower purchases a property or refinances an existing one.
- Before signing any papers, the loan officer will have applicants fill out a four-page application, commonly known as the 1003 form.
- After that, the loan officer will run credit and analyze credit scores and reports.
- The application and credit reports will next be processed via the Automated Underwriting System, which will result in an automated approval.
The automated approval generates an automated approval after reviewing the necessary documentation:
- Two years’ worth of tax returns
- W-2s from the previous two years
- Stubs from recent paychecks
- Bank statements for the last 60 days
- Additional documentation
- Following AUS approval, the paperwork will be sent to the lender’s processing department, where a processor will be assigned.
The mortgage processor double-checks that all pages of each form are filled out completely:
- First, the paperwork is sent to the underwriting department for review.
- Finally, the file is handed to a mortgage underwriter.
Procedure of Underwriting
Your mortgage files will be handed to a loan underwriter. Basically, the underwriter’s job is to ensure that the loan applicant complies with all criteria and has the financial means to pay back the loan every month. Therefore, you should precisely follow these steps to avoid loan decline after conditional approval case.
The underwriter’s job is to examine the borrower’s financials:
- Returns on taxes
- Previous work experience
- Previous credit issues
- Bankruptcy in the past
- Foreclosures in the past
- Last deed in lieu of foreclosure
- Short sales in the past
- History of late payments
- Inquiry made recently
- Statements from the bank
- Variety of other documents related to borrowers
Some documents that may be relevant to underwriters include the following:
- Decrees of divorce
- Papers for child support
- Paperwork for alimony
- Additional documents
The underwriter will issue conditional approval once he’s satisfied that the borrower meets all of the minimal lending standards. Next, an underwriter will grant conditional approval once the borrower has completed all of the loan program’s requirements.
- Once the criteria are met, conditional approval will become a loan commitment.
- After the borrower accepts the loan commitment and submits all final criteria for a CTC, the processor will present the file for a clear to close.
Clear To Close
Once the underwriter has approved all of the loan’s final criteria, a clear to close is issued. After that, the file is ready to fund, and the closing department creates papers after a clear to close has been issued.
To compile the final Closing Disclosure, the closing department collaborates closely with the title firm. The closing date is set once the last CD has been completed and signed off. Unfortunately, due to TRID, a home loan can’t close for the next three days after CTC and CD disclosure.
However, borrowers frequently receive mortgage denials following conditional approval and occasionally a denial following a CTC. Let’s see all the cases where the loan declined after conditional approval happens and how to stay away from them.
Mortgage Approved With Conditions Then Denied
As explained previously, receiving conditional approval does not ensure that you will be able to close on your home loan. Borrowers must meet the criteria that the underwriter requests after receiving conditional approval.
The following are some examples of conditions:
- Rental verification
- Employment verification
- Revised bank statements
- Letters of justification
- Appraisal terms and conditions
- Letters of appreciation
Sometimes, additional documents may be required in the loan declined after conditional approval situation, such as:
- Bankruptcy documents
- Divorce order
- Verification of foreclosure on stated dates
Loan Declined After Conditional Approval? Here’s How to Avoid It
When Are Conditional Approvals Denied?
Loan declined after conditional approval? To clear it up, conditional approval does not promise that your loan will be approved, and a borrower’s application can be denied at any time. That usually happens when one of your loan’s criteria isn’t met.
Your loan application can be declined if you suddenly undertake a debt or the underwriter cannot validate your financial documents. Alternatively, if you are unable to satisfy the loan’s criteria before the deadline, your loan application can be denied.
Planning for the closure process is the greatest method to avoid this. However, don’t assume you’re done just because your loan was conditionally approved. Keep in touch with your loan officer regularly, and make sure you’re providing all of the information required by underwriting.
How Long Does It Take To Close After Conditional Approval?
After gaining conditional approval, there is no way of knowing how long it will take to close on your property. The conditional approval procedure typically takes 1-2 weeks, with the closing day following soon after.
The best method to assure a rapid closure is to fix any underwriting difficulties that arise quickly. You’ll be able to close on your property sooner if you can handle these issues quickly.
Receiving conditional approval on a mortgage distinguishes you as a purchaser. Conditional approval signifies that you’ve completed the underwriting procedure and are ready to purchase a property. You’ll be prepared to close on your house after your mortgage has reached final approval.
Loan Declined After Conditional Approval? Most Common Reasons
One of the most common causes for a loan refusal after an underwriter grants a conditional loan approval is that the borrower uses credit to acquire high-ticket items. Since purchasing a home can be very exciting, many homebuyers take credit to buy new furniture.
You should not, however, seek credit while you are in the process of getting a mortgage. Do not withdraw money from your bank account that is marked as confirmed assets for your home purchase down payments and closing costs.
If you buy furniture from a furniture or appliance shop, you may be eligible for zero interest and no payments for the first year. When it comes to the mortgage procedure, though, this is not a good thing to consider.
Throughout the mortgage procedure, the mortgage underwriter will pull credit. In addition, the mortgage underwriter will perform a light credit pull just before granting a clear to close. Because of it, your credit report will reflect any credit inquiries.
The mortgage underwriter will want to hear about the credit check, the result of the credit investigation, as well as the amount of debt you have accumulated, and the monthly payment.
Can a Loan Be Denied After Conditional Approval?
After conditional approval, a loan can be denied. Conditional approval implies you presently meet the requirements for a loan. However, there is no certainty you will receive the loan in the future as things can change.
If your situation changes and you fail to meet a condition, lenders maintain the right to decline your application. These alterations could include the following:
- You recently left a job
- You took on additional debt
- A recent payment that was late
- You didn’t give proof of rent payment
That is why, after being conditionally accepted, you must inform your lender of any changes in your work or financial status.
Although it is rare, a mortgage can be denied after closing disclosure. In certain states, for example, the bank can pay the loan after the borrower closes.
Since borrowers have a 3-day right of retraction, this might happen during a refinance transaction. Borrowers have the right to cancel the loan within this period; hence the bank may decide to delay transmitting the funds.
How to Avoid a Mortgage Denial During or After Closing
To not get a loan declined after conditional approval, take these steps to improve your likelihood of succeeding.
Don’t Take Out Any New Credit Account
Taking up additional loans or credit cards can indicate to lenders that you are having financial difficulties. However, it may also raise your debt-to-income ratio, putting your loan at risk.
Check Your Credit Card Balances
To maintain your credit strong, make on-time payments and avoid building up a balance to keep your DTI ratio low. In addition, try to postpone major purchases, such as decor for your new house, until the loan is closed.
Don’t Change Jobs
If possible, keep your job during the mortgage procedure. Changing jobs or roles may cause your loan application to be delayed since your lender will need to re-verify your employment and income.
Keep in Touch With Your Lender
Keep your loan officer informed if you need to change employment or open new credit accounts. They can help determine how to lessen the effect on your mortgage application.
Loan Declined After Conditional Approval at Closing? Here’s What to Do
According to the Federal Trade Commission, if your mortgage application is denied after closing and recording, the lender must explain why or inform you that you have the right to inquire why.
The explanation must also be specific. The bank, for example, might claim that you haven’t worked long enough. The bank must explain why you were given less-than-favorable terms, such as a high-interest rate.
You can respond appropriately after you understand why the mortgage was declined. If you know your loan was rejected because you switched jobs, for example, start the application procedure anew. You can also apply to a new lender. Each one has its own set of financing criteria, and just because one lender turned you down doesn’t imply another will.
What Happens After Closing Disclosure?
According to federal law, lenders must send the Closing Disclosure at least three business days ahead of your closing date. Once you receive your CD form, compare it to the Loan Estimate you got when you applied for your mortgage.
Some expenses on your Loan Estimate, like the loan origination fee and appraisal fee, should never alter on your Closing Disclosure.
Call your loan officer and request a cost revision if the costs have changed. Since your loan origination charge is based on the amount of your loan, even a 0.25% rise in this fee can have a significant impact on closing costs.
Only after the lender pays the loan, your mortgage transaction is complete. That implies the lender has gone over your signed documents again, obtained your credit report, and double-checked that nothing has changed since the underwriter last looked at your loan file.
Once the loan funds, you can freely obtain the keys to your new house.
The procedure of conditional approval moves swiftly. In most cases, the process takes a week or two to complete. The most effective strategy to shorten the procedure is to carefully complete all documentation and send extra documents as soon as they are requested.
You might be able to acquire your approval a few days sooner if you stay organized and communicate with your lender. Make sure you carefully follow every step in the conditional approval procedure to avoid having your loan declined after conditional approval.
If you haven’t yet purchased a home, you might try to figure out how much of a downpayment and loan terms you can get to reduce your monthly payment. Since this takes a lot of math, you are better off with a tool like Mashvisor. It specializes in assisting real estate investors like you in locating profitable homes in their location.
Sign up for a 7-day free trial of Mashvisor today to have access to our real estate investment tools!