Real Estate Analysis 7 Real Estate Numbers Every Investor Needs for Analyzing Investments by Hamza Abdul-Samad June 25, 2020June 24, 2020 by Hamza Abdul-Samad June 25, 2020June 24, 2020 To succeed as a real estate investor, you NEED to be able to analyze potential investments. So, where should you start with an investment property analysis? What are the real estate numbers that you must be aware of? In today’s blog post, we’ll go over the 7 real estate numbers you need for analyzing investments. We’ll also tell you where and how you can obtain these numbers for a real estate market analysis and a quick analysis of investment properties for sale. The 7 Most Important Real Estate Numbers for Investment Analysis There is a lot of real estate data that you’ll need to collect and analyze before making an investment. However, the following 7 are some of the most important: 1. Property Price Whenever one considers investing in real estate, the first thing they think about is property price. You probably have a budget set, and even then, you’ll be on the hunt for a good deal that will save you money. Property price is also used to derive many other important metrics, such as fair market value and appreciation, as well as some of the other real estate numbers in this blog. 2. Rental Income The profit you earn from real estate investing will depend heavily on your rental income. As you likely know, gross rental income is simply the rent payments you receive from tenants. The time of payments is based on both the lease agreement and rental property type. Traditional long-term rentals, for example, earn rent on a monthly basis. A short-term rental lease, such as for an Airbnb, usually mandates nightly or weekly payments. The amount will depend on the real estate market where the rental property is located, demand for rentals, the property type and strategy, rent control laws (if they apply), as well as general economic trends. 3. Price to Rent Ratio The next of the real estate numbers is price to rent ratio, also known as P/R. As you can tell from its name, this metric is calculated using the property price and rental income data: The price to rent ratio indicates whether it’s more affordable to buy or rent property in a specific location: A low price to rent ratio (1 to 15) means it is more financially sound to buy a property than to rent one. When P/R is moderate (16 to 20), it is usually more affordable to rent a property rather than to purchase one. A high price to rent ratio (above 21) means it is much better to rent than to purchase a property. The ranges are obviously relevant to the average resident of a housing market. They are, however, also significant to real estate investors. Areas with moderate to high price to rent ratios, for instance, will enjoy higher rental demand and are thus better places to invest in. At the same time, these markets do come with very high property prices and will make for great investment locations specifically for investors with deep pockets (or the ability to leverage real estate). Related: All You Need to Know About Price to Rent Ratio as a Real Estate Investor 4. Rental Property Cash Flow While rental income is a beneficial metric, it doesn’t give the full picture of rental property profitability. Gross rental income doesn’t, for example, take rental expenses into account. Luckily, there is a metric that does just that. It’s the next of the important real estate numbers – cash flow. Here is how rental property cash flow is calculated: As the difference between rental income and rental expenses (not operating expenses, which exclude financing costs), cash flow can be calculated on a weekly, monthly, or yearly basis. Rental property cash flow can either be positive or negative. Positive cash flow represents a net profit or a net positive difference between income and expenses. The opposite is negative rental property cash flow. This occurs when a property’s expenses outweigh its income, yielding a net loss. 5. Cap Rate While rental property cash flow paints a more accurate picture of profit than rental income, it shouldn’t be used in isolation. The cash flow’s main limitation is that it does not showcase profit relative to the property’s price or value. To do that, we use what is known as return on investment (ROI) metrics. One of the most essential real estate numbers of this kind is the cap rate. Short for capitalization rate, the cap rate is calculated as: The cap rate depends on two variables, as seen in the formula. The first is net operating income, which is the difference between rental income and operating expenses. The second is fair market value or the current value of an investment property for sale. The cap rate measures ROI regardless of property financing. As a result, this rental property ratio is an excellent way to quickly compare multiple properties during an investment property analysis. 6. Cash on Cash Return Similar to cap rate, cash on cash return is also one of the most useful real estate numbers that represent ROI. The main difference between the two is that the cash on cash return includes financing costs in its profitability estimation. It’s mainly used to measure the current performance of a rented property. Here’s how it is calculated: The first number needed to calculate the cash on cash return is the annual pre-tax cash flow. Annual pre-tax cash flow is, as the name implies, yearly cash flow before taxes. It is the difference between the investment property‘s net operating income and debt service. Debt service refers to financing costs, such as mortgage principal and interest payments. If debt service is set at zero, cash on cash return and cap rate will be the same value. The second of the real estate numbers needed to find the cash on cash return of a rental property is the total cash invested. Instead of using a property’s total price or value, cash on cash return focuses on the actual amount of cash invested into the property, excluding any borrowed money. Note that when a property is assumed to be fully purchased in cash, cash on cash return once again equals the cap rate. 7. Airbnb Occupancy Rate The last of the important real estate numbers is the Airbnb occupancy rate. This number is important if you’re looking to invest in Airbnb. It is the ratio of the time a short term rental property is occupied to the time it is available for rent. Airbnb occupancy rate depends on location, seasonal trends, and available nights. Related: What Kind of Airbnb Occupancy Rate Can You Expect? Where Can You Quickly Get These Numbers? After learning about the 7 real estate numbers, you’ll no longer be asking “What numbers do I need to know in real estate investing?” Still, you might be wondering how to run the numbers for a real estate deal. Fortunately, the answer is right in front of you! With Mashvisor’s real estate investment software, you’ll get access to a real estate investment calculator (a real estate numbers analyzer) and much more. By using these tools backed by traditional and Airbnb analytics, you’ll find the best investment property in no time! To start a 7-day FREE trial with Mashvisor, CLICK HERE! Start Your Investment Property Search! START FREE TRIAL Cap RateCash FlowCash on Cash ReturnOccupancy RatePrice to Rent RatioRental Income 0 FacebookTwitterGoogle +PinterestLinkedin Hamza Abdul-Samad Hamza is a long-time writer at Mashvisor. With a focus on real estate investing tips, concepts, and top investing locations, he aims to help all aspiring investors who come across his blogs to hit the bank with their investment property. Previous Post US New Home Sales Recover Beyond Expectations Next Post 5 Rental Property Trends You Need to Know for 2020 Related Posts How To Find An Investment Property Using Analytics How to Find the Best Rental Investment Markets Why You Don’t Have a Higher Return on Investment with Real Estate How to Conduct Vacation Rental Market Analysis How to Do a Real Estate Market Analysis in 2021 AirDNA Market Data vs. Mashvisor Data: What is the Best Option? The Beginner’s Guide: How to Calculate Equity in Real Estate What Is a Good Cash on Cash Return When Renting Out? 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