Trends & News8 Places Where Rent Control May Be Established in 2021 by Agnes Gaddis April 16, 2021April 14, 2021 by Agnes Gaddis April 16, 2021April 14, 2021Does your state or city currently have rent control? Is your state or city about to implement rent control laws? What are these laws and how do they apply to you and your investment property?This article will help you answer these questions.But first, what is rent control?This term broadly defines legislation in a city or state that places a ceiling on the maximum rental rate landlords can charge for their units, as well as a limit on the rate of rent increases per year. Related: Rent Control and How It Affects Your Real Estate InvestmentWhile 37 states in the US have rules that preempt such measures either by Dillon’s rule or other legislation – forbidding local governments to implement control over rent, 182 municipalities have rent control regulations. By states, these include New York, New Jersey, District of Columbia, California, and Oregon. With Covid-19 pandemic eviction bans expiring and real estate price increases across the US housing market 2021, lawmakers in some states are considering repealing existing rent control bans. Some of the states where rent control may be established in 2021 include: Minneapolis, Maryland, Colorado, Massachusetts, Nevada, and Illinois.Source: NMHCRelated: Eviction Moratorium FAQs for LandlordsNext we’ll be looking at the states where some regulations already exist as well as states that have shown intentions to introduce laws to that end. Moreover, for each state we will show you Mashvisor’s real estate data on the average performance of traditional rentals so that you can evaluate where this is a good location for your investor goals and purposes.Related: Mashvisor: The Best Real Estate Data Source in 2021States Where Rent Control ExistsCaliforniaCalifornia is one of the states with existing rent control lawsLate last year, a vote was held to expand rent control in California. But it was defeated as people in many cities in the California real estate market voted against further rent control. According to the NMHC (National Multifamily Housing Council), Proposition 21 would have allowed cities and counties in the Golden State to apply more types of control to more properties than possible under the currently existing law. California was the second state to pass statewide rent control laws in 2019 with cities like San Francisco and Los Angeles having passed their own laws in this regard since the late 1970s. In the California housing market, the current law under AB1482 (Assembly Bill 1482) doesn’t apply to single family homes and condos, new builds under 15 years old, and duplexes where one unit is occupied by the owner. The law states that landlords can’t raise annual rent by more than 5% plus the local rate of inflation, and rent increase is capped at 10%. The law will be retroactive till March 19, 2019. Current statewide rent control is set to expire in California by 2030.California Traditional Rentals DataMedian Property Price: $863,900Average Price per Square Foot: $541Traditional Rental Income: $2,820Traditional Cash on Cash Return: 2.1%Price to Rent Ratio: 26OregonOregon was the first state to pass a statewide rent control law in early 2019. Late last year, Portland took the same type of ballot initiative to expand such laws. But unlike California, voters favored more control over rent. In Portland, rent increases are capped at the rate of inflation. Additionally, this new measure demands that landlords give their tenants at least a 3-month notice before starting eviction filings. In Oregon, statewide, renters cannot raise rental rates more than 7% plus inflation annually. Overall rent increases are capped at 10%. Oregon’s rent control laws only apply to multi-family buildings aged 15 years or older whose rent is not subsidized by the government.Oregon Traditional Rentals DataMedian Property Price: $555,200Average Price per Square Foot: $295Traditional Rental Income: $1,720Traditional Cash on Cash Return: 1.9%Price to Rent Ratio: 27New YorkIn New York, rent control is about to be replaced by rent stabilization. Rent stabilization currently covers more than 44% of New York rental properties, while rent control (which started in New York City in 1943 when the federal government legislated a rent freeze in the city to tackle wartime housing inflation) currently covers 1%.Under rules governing rent, the landlord can increase the rent every two years by 7.5% until reaching the maximum base rent. A maximum base rent (MBR) is established to make sure that the rent from eligible units covers the cost of maintaining and improving the property. Owners or people who plan on owning a rental property have to apply for the maximum base rent for their tenants. This base rent is reviewed every two years to account for inflation.Under rent stabilization, the rent guidelines board determines how much the landlord can charge for rent in buildings older than 40 years (built before 1974) with 6 or more apartments. According to Bungalow.com, increases have been between 0% and 4.5% per year in the last 10 years.New York Traditional Rentals DataMedian Property Price: $763,100Average Price per Square Foot: $377Traditional Rental Income: $2,360Traditional Cash on Cash Return: 1.8%Price to Rent Ratio: 27States to WatchMinnesotaWhile Minnesota is one of the states preempting rent control, there may be future votes on whether or not such a measure could be adopted in different cities. On February 26, 2021, the Minneapolis city council gave preliminary approval to two amendments to the charter controlling rent that may give the city the power to impose rent stabilization laws or put rent control on a future ballot for the Minneapolis real estate market. It is not going to be easy as a 1984 Minnesota constitution prohibits local government from adopting rent control except it’s approved by voters in a general election. Yet, if such measures work in the Minneapolis housing market, it would only be a matter of time before other Minnesota municipalities follow suit.Minnesota Traditional Rentals DataMedian Property Price: $360,000Average Price per Square Foot: $190Traditional Rental Income: $1,700Traditional Cash on Cash Return: 3.2%Price to Rent Ratio: 18MarylandThe Maryland housing market currently has no statewide law governing rent. But in April 2020, during the Covid-19 lockdown, Montgomery county, implemented a temporary measure that lasted till February 5, 2021. Under that law, landlords in Montgomery County in the Maryland real estate market could not raise rents beyond 2.6%, and tenants had to receive a 90-day notice of rent increases. However, in the incorporated city of Takoma Park, rent control has existed since 1981 as one of the city’s ways of providing affordable housing. Related: 11 Cheapest Places to Live in the US in 2021Currently, there is a new rent stabilization bill for Montgomery county as a whole. Bill 52-20 aims to institute rent control laws for non-controlled properties near rail and bus transit stations. The rent cap would vary yearly based on average inflation in the whole Washington Metropolitan Area.Maryland Traditional Rentals DataMedian Property Price: $446,100Average Price per Square Foot: $229Traditional Rental Income: $1,840Traditional Cash on Cash Return: 3.1%Price to Rent Ratio: 20ColoradoColorado’s existing laws preempts controlling rent in any local jurisdiction. However, in 2019, some state legislators introduced a bill to repeal the rent control ban and allow local governments to establish their own measures in the Colorado housing market. This bill ultimately failed, but the bill’s sponsors promised to take up the efforts in the future. With democrats controlling both the House and the Senate and rent price increases in college towns like Fort Collins an Denver, we could see policymakers bring up rent control again.Colorado Traditional Rentals DataMedian Property Price: $704,500Average Price per Square Foot: $384Traditional Rental Income: $1,930Traditional Cash on Cash Return: 2.1%Price to Rent Ratio: 30IllinoisIllinois had banned rent control since 1997. The law prohibits any Illinois city from enacting any form of rent regulation. Similar to Colorado, a 2019 bill in favor of such measures, calling for the ban to be lifted, failed. We might see further efforts by lawmakers in favor of regulations.Illinois Traditional Rentals DataMedian Property Price: $353,200Average Price per Square Foot: $201Traditional Rental Income: $1,750Traditional Cash on Cash Return: 2.6%Price to Rent Ratio: 17District of ColumbiaDC’s 1985 rent control laws (amended in 2010) restrict annual rent increases to 2% above inflation for any building built before 1975. Yet, this law exempts most rental units. Exemptions include federal or district subsidized housing, houses built after 1975, properties owned by a person (not a corporation) who owns no more than four rental units in the District, and houses that were vacant when the Act took effect. As it stands, there are calls for more expansive measures in DC.DC Traditional Rentals DataMedian Property Price: $652,000Average Price per Square Foot: $589Traditional Rental Income: $2,320Traditional Cash on Cash Return: 2.6%Price to Rent Ratio: 23So there are the 8 states where rent restrictions might become a dominant force in 2021. If you’re thinking of buying a rental property in any of these locations, make sure to account for this possibility in your investment property analysis. In this way you will be able to ensure positive cash flow and good return on investment (in terms of both cash on cash return and cap rate) in the years to come. If you need some extra helping in analyzing the investment potential of income properties across the US market, sign up for a 7-day free trial of Mashvisor. Sign Up for MashvisorWhile the idea behind boosting affordability by controlling rents is good, economists believe that the effects of rent control include reducing housing stock, thus creating a shortage in multifamily housing which could exacerbate the housing crisis. It seems that a better option would be for the government to provide more incentives for players in affordable housing while creating more pressure towards inclusive zoning. What do you think? Drop your thoughts below. Start Your Investment Property Search! START FREE TRIAL CaliforniaColoradoLandlordMarylandOregonRental Income 0FacebookTwitterGoogle +PinterestLinkedin Agnes GaddisAgnes A Gaddis specializes in writing insightful and confident content for businesses. She appreciates the ability to express valuable and timely information to people who need it and the reactions she gets from that. She is a contributing writer for several websites including Inman, Texas state affordable housing corporation (Tsahc), Getresponse and Influencive. Previous Post Airbnb Atlanta 2021: Should You Invest and Where? Next Post How to Buy an Investment Property at a Real Estate Auction in 2021 Related Posts Arizona Housing Market Predictions for 2021 Understanding US Housing Markets in Bad Shape Boston Real Estate Market Trends 2020 Investing in Senior Housing Is the Next Big Thing for 2019 Investment in Green Properties Can Pay Off in the Long Term 4 Important Factors Affecting the Real Estate Market How is the US real estate market 2017 different from the US real estate market 2016? The New York Real Estate Market Forecast 2020 US Housing Market Predictions: What’s to Come in 2019 5 Spring Real Estate Market 2021 Trends 2019 Will See These 3 Cities in the Florida Housing Market on Top When will the US housing market prices go back to normal?